Frequently Asked Question



  • “Elder respect among young adults: A cross-cultural study of Britons and Africans”.

    African parents are worried about the rate at which the young African born British are gradually forgetting the African heritage of giving respect to those regarded as elders of the community. With funding from Heritage Lottery, Health Action is embarking on this project titled “Elder respect among young adults: A cross-cultural study of Britons and Africans”.
    We need to understand the existence of meaningful cultural differences in the way the elderly is respected. To explore the current trends in the way, the practice
    must be investigated within and across cultural contexts, taking into account different cultural perspectives. (Hereafter, respect for the elderly will be called elder respect. The term elder here denotes parents, elderly relatives, neighbourhood elders, elders in the workplace, and older adults in general.)

    It is necessary to look at younger people as a potential source of the changes occurring in attitudes toward the elderly in any given culture. In the case of college students, exposure to a liberal atmosphere on college campuses, relative lack of parental supervision, and greater peer influence affect their lives and behaviours. As a consequence, they are likely to contract new values different from their parents’ and be less supportive of the traditional norms governing the manner of treating the elderly. Yet, these young adults will be an essential part of the support system for the old. How they treat elders is critical not only
    to the elderly, but also to society.

  • Can I get HIV from kissing?

    No. You cannot get HIV from casually kissing someone (or vice versa) who has HIV. Skin is a greater barrier against HIV. It is not recommended to engage long, open mouth kissing (“French Kissing”) with someone who has HIV and one of you has an open sore in or around the mouth.

  • Can HIV be transmitted through an insect bite?

    No, Insects can NOT transmit HIV. Research has shown that HIV does not replicate or survive well in insects. In addition, blood-eating insects digest their food and do not inject blood from the last person they bite into the next person

  • Which body fluids transmit HIV?

    These body fluids have been shown to contain high concentrations of HIV:

    • blood
    • semen
    • vaginal fluid
    • breast milk

    other body fluids containing blood

    The following are additional body fluids that may transmit the virus that health care workers may come into contact with:

    • fluid surrounding the brain and the spinal cord
    • fluid surrounding bone joints
    • fluid surrounding an unborn baby

  • Can I get AIDS from sharing a cup or shaking hands with someone who has HIV or AIDS?

    HIV is found only in body fluids, so you cannot get HIV by shaking someone’s hand or giving them a hug (or by using the same toilet or towel). While HIV is found in saliva, sharing cups or utensils has never been shown to transmit HIV.

  • Do all people with HIV have AIDS?

    No. Being diagnosed with HIV does NOT mean a person will also be diagnosed with AIDS. Healthcare professionals diagnose AIDS only when people with HIV disease begin to get severe opportunistic infections or their T-cell counts fall below a certain level.

  • Why can’t PEP therapy be taken after 72 hours from the point of exposure?

     HIV grows faster and faster once it enters your body. If you start taking PEP more than 72 hours after exposure, the medication can’t keep up, and research has shown that PEP has little or no effect in preventing HIV infection after the 72-hour mark

  • If I keep having unprotected sex with an HIV-positive partner, can I keep taking PEP to stay safe?

    No. The CDC does not recommend taking PEP in the event of repeated unprotected sex with an HIV-positive partner. Researchers believe that if you use PEP repeatedly, the side effects of the meds could put a strain on your immune system and make you more susceptible to HIV infection.