Human Trafficking: Black African Girls Are Still Enslaved. Modern-Day Slavery
What is Human Trafficking: It is the use of force, fraud, or coercion to take advantage of another person for monetary gain.
Of all the suffering and abuse endured by African girls – and sadly the list is long and shameful – sexual exploitation is surely one of the most egregious. Women and girls are exploited in forced prostitution and various forms of forced labour, especially forced domestic work, by their traffickers.
Although child sexual exploitation is by no means a 21st century phenomenon, It is disturbing to learn of two modern trends which exacerbate the problem: digital technology and accessible travel which enable offenders to operate both virtually and in person, with little danger of detection. Africa is fast becoming the new frontier for online sexual abuse, especially in those countries with higher internet coverage.
However, we cannot blame the growth in sexual exploitation solely on digital and travel trends. The corrosive, insidious impact of poverty, inequality and discrimination driven by traditional patriarchal and cultural attitudes is forcing young girls wanting to travel out of Africa for better life and this is how they fall prey to the traffickers (Madams)
Between 100,000 and 300,000 women and girls in Africa are trafficked for sex each year
According to the U.S. Department of Justice,
- Sex trafficking victims are overwhelmingly female (94 percent)
- About 13 percent of confirmed sex trafficking victims are 16 or older
- Four-fifths of victims in confirmed sex trafficking cases are identified as African (83 percent)
- Sex trafficking victims are more likely to be African (40 percent) or white (26 percent)
- Most of the confirmed suspects are male (81%), while 19% are female.
- More than half (62 percent) of confirmed sex trafficking suspects are Africans
What We Can Do
- Efforts must address both supply and demand
- Requires social change
- Educate potential victims- we need innovative, creative approaches to help educate all children, those especially vulnerable populations.
- Raise the perceptions of the community about the harm that is caused
- Improve parental supervision
- Join local community efforts to end human trafficking
WHAT WE DO
- Ensure that survivors are provided with detailed and regular information about their cases and services available, including on economic, social, and medical assistance, court cases, family tracing, and timing for reunification with families
- Ensure that reintegration services, including counselling, medical care, legal assistance, and livelihood support, are tailored to meet the specific needs of women and girls.
- Address the needs of children born from trafficking-related sexual violence
- Consider age, literacy, and disability-specific needs; the economic and psychosocial impact of raising children born from trafficking-related sexual violence; and whether they are in child or female-headed households
- Ensure that services for survivors’ address factors that made them vulnerable to trafficking, such as family violence, neglect, and abandonment, or lack of education and poverty; and include measures to prevent and assist women survivors who experience discrimination and abuse as a consequence of trafficking
- Economic empowerment programs include income generation for survivors and their families while they are in vocational trainings or shelters and expand technical and professional training.
- Improve outreach to raise public awareness about trafficking prevention and risks, how to report trafficking and related crimes, identifying victims of trafficking, and assistance for survivors.
HACO Truth project is a network and platform for activism that sustains local community involvement in the anti-trafficking movement. Please join us as we work to end human trafficking of African women and girls and make a tangible difference in the lives of those who have been rescued